主位与客位辨异的评说与意义,同义辨异

[摘要]在对Pike和Bloom田野同志派分别偏重主位或客位的深入分析格局进行评析、辩解的长河中,马文哈Rees梳理和肃清了关于主位与客位的各样混淆和错置的概念,以文化唯物主义的认知论为立论根基,提议主位和客位一视同仁的钻研措施,须求一律关切对于人类思想和作为三个方面包车型大巴观看。他的原创性探究对四个科目均有启示和震慑,也是民俗学与人类学近期讨论多数难点的底蕴文献。[关键词] 主位;客位;辨异[中图分类号] C912.4       [文献标记码] A     [小说编号] 1008-7214(2005)04-0080-11   

astronaut    宇航员

cosmonaut  宇航员

双方有何样区别吧?

笔者们先来看那礼拜第二医中国科学技术大学学媒报纸发表中一段:

A Russian rocket blasted off on Friday, sending a U.S. astronaut and
two Russian cosmonauts on their way to the International Space
Station. Two of the men, NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and Russian
cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko, will stay aboard the station for a year,
twice as long as previous crews.

从这段报导中我们领会,U.S.的航天员叫 astronaut, 俄罗斯的航天员叫
cosmonaut. 

主位与客位辨异的评说与意义,同义辨异。上世纪冷战时期,美苏两个国家实行太空竞技。为示分裂,前苏维埃社会主义共和国联盟不乐意用美利坚合资国的称为,所以
cosmonaut
成了特指苏维埃社会主义共和国联盟宇宙航银行职员的词。现冷战早就结束,美俄在高空查究中已有同盟,双方宇宙航银行职员互乘对方飞船并在同一空间站专业,但上述叫法仍不混淆,沿用于今。

再有四个专指“中夏族民共和国航天员”的词,叫 taikonaut
。一九九七年二月华夏成功发射“神舟号”无人宇宙飞船,各国传播媒介争相广播发表,纷纭选用了
taikonaut 这一个词(taiko
音译自“太空)。但中中原人民共和国并没有行使这一个叫法,大家的宇宙航银行职员仍旧称作
astronaut. 

blast off  发射

NASA  (美)国家航空航天局

  1. dissatisfied 与 unsatisfied

satisfied 有三个反义词, 意思有所差异,

dissatisfied   表示 “不满意”

unsatisfied   表示 “不满足”

例句:

The teacher was dissatisfied with the student’s homework. 不满意

I was dissatisfied with the service I received during my stay in the
hotel. 不满意

The boy was unsatisfied with the biscuits I gave him. He wanted more.
不满足

The curiosity was unsatisfied.  未有满意

She is an unsatisfied wife.  不恐怕满意

So, if you don’t like something, you can say “I’m dissatisfied with it
“, and if you like something but you haven’t got enough, you want
more, you can say “I’m unsatisfied with it”.

2.  I’m working in Paris   I work in Paris.

动词 work 用于”举行时”和”以后时”意义有所分歧。

用实行时表示职业是临时性的,例: I’m working in Paris.
(含蓄表示那状态是权且的)

用明日时则意味着职业是一定的,例: I work in Paris. (小编在法国巴黎做事)

 阿拉伯语段子一则,轻巧一下,

女孩问男孩,为啥拉脱维亚语字母排列是 ABCDEFG ? 男友说,因为 A Boy Can Do
伊夫rything For Girls.
女孩感动,决定非她不嫁。但他忘记了假名表接下来的排列是 HIJK: He Is
Just Kidding.

1.  made of  和  made from

那多少个短语都意味着 “用…质地制作”,

made of     只产生物理变化,仍是能够看到原材质

made from  产生化学变化,已看不出原材质

例:

The tables are made of wood. (还能看出原料是木头)

Paper is made from wood.  (已看不出原料是木头)

The bridge is made of stone. (石桥,看得出是石头)

Bricks are made from clay. (砖是泥做的,看不出泥)

Wines are made from grapes. (鸡尾酒是草龙珠做的)

2.  blond  和  blonde

那多个词读音一样:[blɒnd]

blond   金发碧眼的相公

blonde  金发碧眼的巾帼

但近来采取时已不再严酷区分。

顺便学习其余七个词:

brunette 黑头发女子,淡白赤褐头发女生

redhead   红头发的人 (尤指女士)

A blonde, a brunette, and a redhead all entered the finall competition
of the beauty contest. 进去选美决赛

3. suspect  和  doubt

那八个词做动词,都代表 “说话人” 对发挥的事体 “猜忌”,“不鲜明”,
但用法不一样:

suspect  可疑是真的  (sth bad may be
true),日常猜疑某不佳的事务是真正,

doubt    疑忌是假的 (sth may not be true or
possible),猜疑某事的真人真事,即思疑是假的,

例句:

John suspected that the woman living next door was using heroin. 
狐疑隔壁女孩子吸毒

I suspect there might be a 瓦斯 leak somewhere.  疑忌煤气有走漏

Police suspected that 罗布in had accomplices who had escaped. 
困惑有小朋侪在逃 

I doubt if he is honest.  作者思疑她是还是不是言行一致  

I doubt that he will come. 也许他不会来

He doubted if his brother would learn anything good from his friends.


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